General Assembly Update
January 13, 2015
P3 and Transportation Omnibus Bills Introduced
Governor Terry McAuliffe announced today legislation that would change the delivery of projects under the Public Private Transportation Act (PPTA) and improve reliability for transportation funding distributions. The legislative package continues the evolution of the administration’s transportation program to improve transparency and credibility in how taxpayer dollars are spent on transportation projects. The bills (links below) are being carried by Delegate Chris Jones (R-Suffolk), Chairman of the House Appropriations Committee.
The bipartisan legislative package focuses on the following areas:
- Reforming the PPTA process, commonly referred to as the P3 program
- Replacing the old transportation funding formula with a new system that will better meet transportation needs and improve reliability and transparency, and promote HB2 implementation
- Focusing resources on fixing aging bridges and pavement
- Improving oversight of project spending by creating a more independent Commonwealth Transportation Board (CTB) by establishing that the Governor can only terminate CTB members for cause
- Providing stability in the funding stream for transit capital projects
Changes to the formula
The bill replaces the old 40-30-30 funding system with a new formula. Under the old system, funds were given directly to the localities. Funds were broken up into many small buckets, which took years to build up enough money in one locality to do anything significant. Legislation proposes to change the old formula to the following:
- 40 percent of the money will go to the rehabilitation of structurally deficient bridges and deteriorating pavement.
- 30 percent of funding will go to projects of statewide importance, which will be completed under House Bill Two (HB2). HB2, which Governor McAuliffe signed into law last year, requires the CTB to score projects based on an objective analysis. Once projects are scored, the CTB will then select projects for funding.
- 30 percent will go to a construction district grant program. Under this third category, localities will be able to compete for funds under a regional version of HB2. This will provide an incentive for localities to work together on their transportation projects.
Additional support for transit capital projects
- In total, changes will provide an additional $50 million annually for transit projects (based on FY 2021). Funding will be shifted from the Rail Enhancement Fund, the Port and Aviation shares of the Transportation Trust Fund, as well as multiple highway funding sources.
Making CTB more independent
- The bill also removes the governor’s authority to terminate CTB members without cause in order to improve integrity and independence of the process.
- Representatives from the General Assembly will be on the P3 steering committee that determines whether or not a project should move ahead as a P3 project. They will assess if there is truly a risk and reward relationship between the public and private sectors.
- Private partners must disclose risk that is transferred to the Commonwealth. The intent is to minimize risk for taxpayers by selecting projects in which the private sector is willing to make the appropriate investment in expectation of getting a reasonable return.
- The transportation secretary will be accountable by signing a finding of public interest before a P3 deal is finalized, certifying that the risk transfer and all other findings are still valid. This would prevent situations like the U.S. 460 P3 deal, where procurement changed over the course of the project, yet no one was held accountable.